Metals that would undergo cutting, bending and assembling into different sizes and shapes is said to have undergone metal fabrication. Usually, it is in a fabrication and machine shop where this work is done and there are various tools and processes like forming and welding are being performed.
Specialization of fabrication can also be enumerated, like brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, punching, casting, spinning, and chipping. Electrical, prototyping, machine design and hydraulics are other forms of specialization which are of higher level.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Metal fabrication processes are used to manufacture different machines and structures. The more famous materials that are used for metal fabrication in the creation of many industrial and consumer products like loose parts, structural frames for buildings and machines are the sheet metal and stainless steel.
Sheet metal is fabricated by transforming the metal into thin and flat pieces which are now the sheet metals in various thicknesses called gauge, then these are bended and cut into several shapes and sizes.
Sheet metal can also be done in coiled strips aside from flat pieces, and the metals that are used are aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. In decorative purposes, the use of gold, silver, and platinum are utilized for the purpose.
The bodies of cars, wings of airplane, materials for buildings and equipment for food processing and others would use sheet metal fabrication.
Stainless steel is a very strong material that contains amounts of iron, chromium and other elements, making it resistance to corrosion, staining and thus has a very low maintenance. Stainless steel is a completely recyclable material making it a very handy material for certain purposes.
The surface finishes and grades vary in stainless steel and you can opt for these variety depending on where you will use it, and so your choices would range from brushed finish to satin, mirror and coarse finish.
The very intensive process involving metal fabrication makes it an important component in the manufacturing of many industrial and consumer products. Very useful to our daily lives are the main applications of metal fabrication which are the sheet metal fabrication and the stainless steel fabrication.
As metal fabrication come to its final stage after the cutting, joining, and welding are done, the metals are applied with protective coatings like powder coating or sandblasting, depending on your purpose and budget.